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  • High-quality vitamins produced by European leader DSM
  • High vitamin D dosage
  • Immune reinforcement for athletes
  • Fat loss action
  • Improves muscle recovery
Multivitamin designed for the needs of athletes Find out more
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • +
  • Antioxidant
  • Immunity
  • Longevity
  • +
  • Recovery
  • Capsules
  • Powder
  • 30 Capsules
  • 60 Capsules
  • 120 Capsules
  • 400 Capsules
  • 60 g
  • 150 g
  • 350 g
Optimal consumption date: 03/2023
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  • Product offered from £50 purchase
  • Free delivery


What are Nutrimuscle Multivitamins?

Vitamins are essential micronutrients. There are about 40 micronutrients that are essential to our health. Since the body cannot synthesise them, they can only be provided through a healthy diet or supplementation.
Among these essential micronutrients, we find vitamins.

They are involved in all the biochemical processes necessary for the preservation and development of our body's cells. Unfortunately, our dietary intake of these micronutrients is not always enough, even for less active people. Micronutritional balance is even more difficult for athletes or people on a diet to achieve, as their vitamin requirements are increased.

What are the benefits of Nutrimuscle Multivitamins?

A protective shield
Antioxidant vitamins can help you cope with work overload by fighting catabolism, fatigue, and the effects of overtraining. 

A boosted immune system
By strengthening athletes' antioxidant defences, vitamin supplements protect an athlete's overall physical condition.

Accelerated muscle recovery
Research has also shown that consuming antioxidant vitamins such as vitamins A and E after intense physical exertion is also very important for muscle recovery. In three weeks, taking vitamins increases strength by accelerating recovery between workouts.

Vitamins and dieting
Inactive people who regularly take vitamin supplements have a basic metabolism that is 4% more energy-consuming than those who don't. This benefit of supplementation is also true when dieting. Taking vitamins allows for better maintenance of your basic metabolism, preventing the collapse usually experienced when restricting calories.
For further details on the benefits of Nutrimuscle Multivitamins, visit the Find out more section.

Nutritional composition of Nutrimuscle Multivitamins

Nutritional composition per 100 g:

  • Protein 0 g
  • Fat 0 g
  • Carbohydrates 0 g
  • Calories 0 kcal


Multivitamin powder:

  • Quali®-C L-ascorbic acid (C)
  • EVNol® tocotrienol tocopherol (natural E)
  • Niacinamide (B3)
  • calcium D-pantothenate (B5)
  • Retinyl acetate (A)
  • Pyridoxine hydrochloride (B6)
  • Thiamine mononitrate (B1)
  • Riboflavin 5'-Sodium phosphate (B2)
  • Metafolin® calcium L-methylfolate (natural B9)
  • D-biotin (B8)
  • Cholecalciferol (D3)
  • Phytonadione (K1)
  • Cyanocobalamin (B12).

Multivitamin capsules:

  • Quali®-C L-ascorbic acid (C)
  • EVNol® tocotrienol tocopherol (natural E)
  • Niacinamide (B3)
  • calcium D-pantothenate (B5)
  • Retinyl acetate (A)
  • Pyridoxine hydrochloride (B6)
  • Thiamine mononitrate (B1)
  • Riboflavin 5'-Sodium phosphate (B2)
  • Metafolin® calcium L-methylfolate (B9 natural)
  • D-biotin (B8)
  • Cholecalciferol (D3)
  • Phytonadione (K1)
  • Cyanocobalamin (B12)
  • Beef gelatin capsule.


Nutritional composition of Nutrimuscle Multivitamins

100 g1 capsule628 mgAJR*
Vitamin A
0,2 g
1,2 mg
1,2 mg
150 %
Vitamin B1
0,4 g
2 mg
2 mg
182 %
Vitamin B2
0,4 g
2 mg
2 mg
143 %
Vitamin B33,7 g
20 mg
20 mg
125 %
Vitamin B5
1,9 g
10 mg
10 mg
167 %
Vitamin B60,4 g2,4 mg2,4 mg171 %
Vitamin B828 mg
150 mcg
150 mcg300 %
Vitamin B937,3 mg
200 mcg200 mcg100 %
Vitamin B120,6 mg
3 mcg3 mcg120 %
Vitamin C37,3 g
200 mg200 mg250 %
Vitamin D39,3 mg50 mcg50 mcg1000 %
Vitamin E6,7 g36 mg36 mg300 %
Vitamin K19,3 mg50 mcg50 mcg67 %

* RDA: Recommended daily allowance (for 1 capsule or for 75% of a measuring cup, i.e. for 628 mg)

  • 1 g (gram) = 1000 mg (milligram)
  • 1 mg (milligram) = 1000 µg or 1000 mcg (microgram) 

Usage tips

Who are Nutrimuscle Multivitamins for?

Nutrimuscle Multivitamins are for:

  • Athletes, for an essential supply of vitamins during training sessions
  • Inactive people, for their essential contribution to good health


Take 628 mg (one scoop or capsule) daily.

When should I take Nutrimuscle Multivitamins?

Take 628 mg (75% of a dose) of Nutrimuscle Multivitamins in the morning with breakfast In order to avoid micronutritional deficiencies.

How do I take Nutrimuscle Multivitamins?

As vitamins work on a long-term basis, it is best to take extended courses of treatment for as long as you are training intensively.

Short courses of a just few weeks do not seem to be very useful. The true benefits of vitamins cannot be seen immediately. For example, vitamin E needs 21 days of consistent consumption to fully produce its protective effects against free radicals (1).

Mixing with other Nutrimuscle products

Synergies between supplements
Nutrimuscle Multivitamins improve the assimilation and use of creatine.

Adverse reactions between supplements
To avoid bloating, Nutrimuscle Multivitamins should not be taken at the same time as potassium bicarbonate.

Scientific references

(1) Rozhkova EA. [Comparative study of the effect of vitamax, synergin and alpha-tocopherol on physical endurance of highly trained athletes]. Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2003 Jan-Feb;66(1):64-6.

Find out more

Purity of raw materials guaranteed

DSM (also for PeptoPro®) has been producing vitamins for more than 75 years. This long history has established them as one of the world's leading vitamin manufacturers. By choosing DSM, Nutrimuscle is able to provide you with pharmaceutical-quality vitamins that are HACCP and ISO9001 certified and made in France. We are therefore a far cry from generic counterfeits made in China in factories far removed from high pharmaceutical standards.

Metafolin® contains calcium L-methylfolate. This is the bioactive and natural form of folate: 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid. Metafolin® therefore does not need to be metabolised to take effect. Unlike folic acid, Metafolin® thus has difficulties when it comes to absorption (72).

Although natural, Metafolin® is very stable, which is not the case for vitamin B9 found in food, which is easily destroyed over time. This is why vitamin B9 supplements have been supplemented with folic acid until now, because this synthetic product is much more stable. Thanks to Metafolin®, all these problems are a thing of the past.

How do I choose the right Multivitamins?

Are all multivitamins created equal?
Whilst it may be tempting to compare the prices of the various vitamin supplements on the market in order to find the cheapest, it is clear that comparing on the basis of price alone is misleading. Not all multivitamins are equal: firstly for quality reasons, and secondly for reasons of ingredient comprehensiveness.

Quality problems with multivitamins
Independent quality testing by Consumerlab.com reveals four main problems with vitamin supplements.

  • The most frequently reported anomaly is the gross underdosing of vitamins, with differences ranging from 20 % less to 70 % less between what is advertised on the label and what the tests actually found in the product. These differences are especially evident for vitamins A, B, and D.
  • The second common problem is contamination, particularly from heavy metals such as lead (e.g. for D vitamins).
  • The third problem concerns the extreme compression of the tablets in order to fit a maximum number of ingredients in a tiny space. The crushing produced by the machines can be so extreme that the tablet passes through the entire digestive system without being absorbed at all.
  • Finally, some labels play on words in order to mislead consumers. This is often the case with vitamin E. Vitamin E complexes, which should contain all types of tocopherols, frequently contain only alpha-tocopherol and very little of the other forms of vitamin E, causing imbalances.

On the other hand, again for vitamin E, synthetic forms are often sold disguised as natural forms. The natural form is of course the healthiest and the most expensive. There is also a lack of transparency concerning the origin of the raw materials and the absence of a certificate of analysis. Nutrimuscle provides certificates of analysis for its vitamins as well as its natural vitamin E to ensure that the dosages advertised are indeed those received by consumers. Their origins are also made clear (DSM and EVNol®) to guarantee the traceability of raw materials.

Comprehensiveness of the ingredients
Vitamin E is the most striking of all when it comes to this point. Vitamin E is more than a simple vitamin. It has eight sub-categories: four tocopherols (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta) and four tocotrienols (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta).
In order to be effective, supplementation needs to provide as wide a range of these subcategories as possible. Contrary to what one might think, however, the focus should be on tocotrienols rather than tocopherols, as tocotrienols are much more effective and less likely to be found in the food we eat. Tocotrienols offer 40 to 60 times more antioxidant protection than traditional vitamin E (1-2). It is also the vitamin form that boasts the best potential against cardiovascular disease, neurological issues, and cancer (3-4-5) (6-7-8-9) (10-11-12-13).

Natural vitamin E
Nutrimuscle tocotrienols are registered trademarks of EVNol® from ExcelVite, Inc., which is the only producer of pharmaceutical-grade tocotrienols in the world. It is a natural tocotrienol derived from palm oil with 28.3 mg per dose:

  • d-Alpha-Tocotrienol: 8.7 mg
  • d-Beta-Tocotrienol: 1.6 mg
  • d-Gamma-Tocotrienol: 13 mg
  • d-Delta-Tocotrienol: 5 mg.

Although tocotrienols are present in small amounts in some foods, it is difficult to fully reap their benefits because they are naturally very poorly assimilated. Moreover, this absorption varies greatly depending on the type of tocotrienols in question. Hence, studies have shown that the maximum absorption of

  • d-alpha-tocotrienol is 27%
  • d-gamma-tocotrienol is 9%
  • d-delta-tocotrienol is 8%

Thanks to an exclusive patent system, ExcelVite tocotrienols have an absorption that is 250% better than tocotrienols we get from the food we eat. As a result, it is possible to achieve an effective physiological concentration in the target tissues for the tocotrienols to produce their protective effects (14).

Is it necessary to supplement with vitamins?

Numerous medical analyzes such as the SU study. VI. MAX (for Vitamin Supplementation and AntioXidant Minerals) point out that a large proportion of French people find it difficult to meet their minimum vitamin requirements. Recently, a CREDOC study shows that more than 82% of French people do not meet their minimum needs in vitamin D. They are more than 32% to be deficient in vitamin C, 25% in vitamin E, 21% in vitamin B9 .. . (1).

If sedentary people are in constant deficit and, given that regular sports practice increases micronutrient losses, vitamin needs are even more problematic to meet in athletes. These increased needs explain why it is rare to find medical studies which show that athletes perfectly cover their minimum vitamin requirements. The integrity of vitamin and antioxidant status is, in general, particularly poor in athletes.

Professor Zimmermann, a nutrition specialist from the Swiss Institute of Technology in Zurich reviewed the impact of different micronutrients on physical performance. While all vitamins and minerals are affected by playing sports, some are more than others. These are vitamins E and C (2). In high-level French rugby players, intakes lower than the recommendations are noted in vitamin C (3).

Not all physical education students get enough vitamin E (4). The same is true for 73% of subjects with regard to vitamin C. In endurance runners, 95% of the athletes studied have a deficiency in vitamin E (5). When it comes to vitamin C and vitamin A, 32% of runners are not getting enough. Vitamin deficits are therefore a classic problem among athletes. It makes sense that regular physical activity increases micronutrient requirements. The acceleration of physiological phenomena, the massive arrival of free radicals which will destroy the antioxidant vitamins as well as the increase in urinary and sweat losses are all causes of increased needs.

For example, intense sports training causes a drop in thiamine level and accelerates the destruction of our vitamin E reserves by 20% (6). In addition, the absorption of micronutrients can be temporarily reduced by temporary digestive disorders that affect some athletes after exercise. Other circumstances, such as an energy-restrictive diet, can also lead to imbalances due to decreases in vitamin intake through the diet. Athletes therefore have every advantage in using regular vitamin supplementation in order to compensate for these phenomena.

Benefits of Nutrimuscle Multivitamins in more detail

A protective shield

Antioxidant vitamins can help you deal with overwork by fighting catabolism, fatigue, and overtraining.

Instead of attacking cells, free radicals attack antioxidant molecules which then act as protective shields for muscles. These antioxidants will therefore allow the muscles to grow without the anabolic process being disturbed. In another study, taking antioxidant vitamins like vitamins E, C and vitamin A increases the level of antioxidant defenses by 20% in two weeks (11-12). A study conducted in swimmers undergoing a heavy workload shows that daily intake of vitamin supplements will strengthen the body's defenses against free radicals (13).

Better tolerance to exercise and less muscle catabolism (both in the skeletal muscles and in the heart) result. Doctors from the human nutrition unit at Tufts University in Boston gave vitamin E to athletes for 3 months. After this vitamin E cure, muscle degradation and aches were greatly reduced following intense effort. This decrease is correlated with the attenuation of oxidative stress induced by vitamin E (14). Professor Kraemer, a specialist in sports medicine, administered vitamin E to bodybuilders. Thanks to it, their training generated significantly fewer free radicals. Thus, muscle catabolism, measured by the leakage of creatine kinase, could be reduced by vitamin E.

Immune boost
Numerous medical studies implicate oxidative stress in the various health and immune disorders which affect athletes in excess. If the incidence of infections and health problems is increased after exercise, it is a sign of a weakening of the cellular defense system. For example, after intense training, the rate of destruction of lymphocytes (immune cells) accelerates by 76% (15).

At this time, a possible deficit in antioxidant vitamins may precipitate this weakening of the defenses. In this case, studies show that vitamin supplements boost the athlete's immunity and health.

The benefits of vitamin supplementation for an athlete are therefore also manifested in their health. For example, runners training 7.5 hours per week received vitamin C and E supplementation for a month. The total vitamin C intake was increased to 277 mg versus 162 mg in the placebo group. For vitamin E, the group on antioxidants had an intake of 60 mg against 15 mg for the placebo.
The main effect of antioxidants has been to raise the levels of vitamin E and C in neutrophils (immune cells). These results explain how antioxidant vitamins support the immune system, whose effectiveness is sometimes faltering after exercise (16). By strengthening the antioxidant defenses of athletes, vitamin supplementation protects the physical integrity of athletes (17).

In endurance athletes, taking 152 mg of vitamin C + 50 mg of vitamin E daily for one month protects immune cells, which are normally destroyed by free radicals generated during exertion (18).

Hormonal impact of vitamins
It is not only free radicals that are the source of catabolism, there is also cortisol. This hormone has a double negative action on our muscles. First, cortisol accelerates the catabolism of proteins. Secondly, it prevents our muscles from recovering and growing (anti-anabolic action). As bad luck never happens on its own, cortisol also causes testosterone levels to drop.

The more intensely we train, the more our cortisol level will rise. It is therefore important for an athlete who wishes to progress quickly to fight against the rise of this hormone. A study shows that in bodybuilders who train intensely, daily intake of vitamin C greatly reduces the rise in cortisol while promoting that of testosterone (19-20).

In endurance athletes, taking vitamin C before a race reduces the increase in cortisol during exercise by 30% (21). Vitamin D intake is associated with an increased secretion of testosterone and a decrease in that of myostatin (a hormone that prevents muscle building) (22-23-24).

Easier physical effort
Several studies have shown an improvement in sports performance thanks to supplementation based on vitamin cocktails. An eight-week course of vitamins in men practicing bodybuilding can reduce the drop in strength between sets and reduce the feeling of fatigue after the session (25-26).

Four weeks of vitamin D supplementation in athletes can increase thigh strength by 5 kg compared to 2 kg under placebo (27). Statistical analyzes show that progression is always faster with high vitamin D level rather than medium (28). In top fencers, 70% of subjects suffered from a deficiency of group B vitamins (29). Multivitamin supplementation increased their performance by 3%. Regular intake of a vitamin supplement is associated with greater resistance to fatigue during exercise in cyclists (30).

Taking a multivitamin complex facilitates physical exertion after three weeks of use, as shown in a recent study (31). The heart rate necessary to support an effort corresponding to 65% of Vo2 max was 139 beats per minute before supplementation against 131 after. To support an effort of 85% of Vo2 max, 167 beats per minute were necessary before supplementation against 160 after.

Vitamins and recovery
It is not only performance that counts for the athlete. The recovery phase between two workouts is also crucial for long-term progress. We have seen (above) some of the physiological mechanisms that explain how vitamins help us recover faster. Here are some concrete effects of vitamins on recovery, taken from the medical literature.

A group of well-trained runners received vitamin B, C, and E supplementation for 21 days prior to an event (32). Twenty-four hours after this run, muscle recovery is better thanks to the vitamins. On the other hand, the placebo group will need an additional 24 hours to recover. Research has also shown that the intake of antioxidant vitamins like vitamins A and E after intense physical exertion is also very important for muscle recovery (33). In three weeks, taking vitamins increases strength gains (+ 9.7% versus 6.3% with placebo) thanks to an acceleration in recovery between two workouts (34).

Fight against cramps
Who hasn't woken up suddenly at night from severe pain from a cramp?
Although the causes of cramps are still unknown, it is the lot of all athletes who train intensely. A study shows that in people with regular nighttime cramps, oral intake of a group B vitamin complex (B-1: thiamine, B-6: pyridoxine, B-12: cobalamin and riboflavin) greatly reduced incidence of these cramps.

The success rate of taking the vitamin complex reaches 86%, whereas it is zero when the same subjects receive an inactive placebo (35). The B vitamins reduced both the frequency, duration and intensity of cramps. Unlike conventional anti-cramp drug treatments, no side effects could be demonstrated.

Vitamins, health and longevity
Medical statistics show that in the long term, regular intake of vitamins significantly increases the longevity of users by reducing the incidence of disease (36-37-38-39). It is important to measure the impact of supplements, here vitamins, on longevity, as this is a good measure of assessing potential side effects. Indeed, a supplement that increases life expectancy does so by improving the health of users, and not by degrading it, which testifies to the absence of harmful effects.

Protective mechanisms of vitamins for health are only beginning to be discovered; micronutrients act directly as a guarantor of the integrity of our DNA through telomeres. For more than 10 years, men received daily either vitamin supplementation or a placebo. Compared to the latter, taking the multivitamin reduces the risk of developing cancer by 8% (65).

Vitamins and diet
Underlying this, our vitamin intake also controls fat percentage.
This is illustrated by several scientific studies. Thus, in sedentary people who regularly consume vitamins in the form of supplements, the basal metabolism is 4% more energy intensive than in non-users. This explains why people who take vitamins regularly are drier than others with, on average, 4 kg less fat (52).

This benefit of supplementation is also found in the diet. The intake of vitamins allows a better maintenance of the basal metabolism, preventing its classic collapse during an energy restriction (53). This results in greater fat loss on a 26-week diet performed with multivitamin supplementation, compared to a placebo (54). Research conducted individually on each vitamin largely reveals how the vitamins work to regulate our weight over the long term. In this, some vitamins are more effective than others.

This is the case with vitamin D. In women, 12 weeks of vitamin D supplementation results in a fat loss of 2.7 kg compared with only 500 g for a placebo (55). Likewise, when dieting, the higher the vitamin D intake, the greater the fat loss (56).
If all the mechanisms of action of vitamin D remain to be elucidated, this vitamin plays a role in the increase of the basic metabolism as well as in the oxidation of fats (57-58).

Being overweight is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. Ironically, while long-term fat loss is a good thing, the diet itself is not safe for the heart. Indeed, a calorie restriction tends to raise the plasma concentrations of homocysteine (a marker of the risk of cardiovascular accident). Simply taking three vitamins (vitamin B9 or folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6) during the diet can prevent this increase.

Conclusion: since the more you restrict your food intake, the more you run the risk of being deficient in micronutrients, vitamin supplementation ensures optimal intake for health, performance and fat loss.

Nutrimuscle Vitamin B9 dosage = 100% RDA legally limited to 300%.
Nutrimuscle Vitamin B12 dosage = 120% RDA legally limited to 300%.
Nutrimuscle Vitamin B6 dosage = 171% RDA, legally limited to 300%.

Scientific references

(1) Maniam S. Palm tocotrienol exerted better antioxidant activities in bone than alpha-tocopherol. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, 2008, 103, 55-60 - (2) Yoshida Y. Chemical reactivities and physical effects in comparison between tocopherols and tocotrienols: Physiological significance and prospects as antioxidants. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 2007, 104(6):439-445 - (3) Vasanthi HR. Tocotrienols and its role in cardiovascular health--a lead for drug design. Curr Pharm Des. 2011;17(21):2170-5. - (4) Prasad K. Tocotrienols and cardiovascular health. Curr Pharm Des. 2011;17(21):2147-54. - (5) Bardhan J. The 21st century form of vitamin E--tocotrienol. Curr Pharm Des. 2011;17(21):2196-205. - (6) Weng-Yew W. Nutrapharmacology of tocotrienols for metabolic syndrome. Curr Pharm Des. 2011;17(21):2206-14. - (7) Catalgol B. Cellular protection and therapeutic potential of tocotrienols. Curr Pharm Des. 2011;17(21):2215-20. - (8) Frank J. Do tocotrienols have potential as neuroprotective dietary factors? Ageing Res Rev. 2012 Jan;11(1):163-80. - (9) Sen CK. Palm oil-derived natural vitamin E alpha-tocotrienol in brain health and disease. J Am Coll Nutr. 2010 Jun;29(3 Suppl):314S-323S. - (10) Sylvester PW. Tocotrienol combination therapy results in synergistic anticancer response. Biosci Front. 2011 Jun 1;16:3183-95. Nesaretnam K. Tocotrienols: inflammation and cancer. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2011 Jul;1229:18-22.
(11) Sylvester PW. The value of tocotrienols in the prevention and treatment of cancer. J Am Coll Nutr. 2010 Jun;29(3 Suppl):324S-333S. - (12) Ling MT. Tocotrienol as a potential anticancer agent. Carcinogenesis. 2012 Feb;33(2):233-9. - (13) Aggarwal BB. Tocotrienols, the vitamin E of the 21st century: its potential against cancer and other chronic diseases. Biochem Pharmacol. 2010 Dec 1;80(11):1613-31. - (14) Patel V. Oral tocotrienols are transported to human tissues and delay the progression of the model for end-stage liver disease score in patients. J Nutr. 2012 Mar;142(3):513-9. - Benefits of Vitamins
(1) Pilorin T. Consumption of food supplements in France: the consumer profile and contribution to nutritional balance. Nutrition and Dietetics Journal Volume 47, Issue 3, June 2012, Pages 147-155. - (2) Zimmermann MB. Vitamin and mineral supplementation and exercise performance. Schweizerische zeitschrift fûr sportmedezin und sporttraumatologie. 2003. 51 (1), 53-57. - (3) FINAUD J. Results of a dietary survey carried out among high-level French rugby players. Nutrition and dietetics journal. 2003, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 234-241 - (4) Groussard C. Evaluation of antioxidant vitamin intake among athletes. Sci. Sports, 19 (2004), pp. 193-195. - (5) Machefer G. Consumption and status of antioxidant vitamins among endurance athletes. Science & Sports Volume 21, Issue 2, April 2006, Pages 107-109 - (6) Sato A. Dietary thiamin and riboflavin intake and blood thiamin and riboflavin concentrations in college swimmers undergoing intensive training. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2011 Jun;21(3):195-204. - (7) Watson TA. Antioxidant restricted diet increases oxidative stress during acute exhaustive exercise. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2003;12 Suppl:S9. - (8) Powers SK. Dietary antioxidants and exercise. J Sports Sci. 2004 Jan;22(1):81-94. - (9) Watson TA. Antioxidant restriction and oxidative stress in short-duration exhaustive exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Jan;37(1):63-71. - (10) Anuradha-CV. Exercise, depletion of antioxidants and antioxidant manipulation. Cell Biochem Function. 1998. 16. p: 269. - (11) Tauler P. Diet supplementation with vitamin E, vitamin C and beta-carotene cocktail enhances basal neutrophil antioxidant enzymes in athletes. Pflugers Arch. 2002 Mar;443(5-6):791-7. - (12) Sen CK. Antioxidants in exercise nutrition. Sports Med. 2001;31(13):891-908. - (13) Cavas L. Effects of vitamin-mineral supplementation on cardiac marker and radical scavenging enzymes, and MDA levels in young swimmers. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2004 Apr;14(2):133-46. - (14) Sacheck JM. (2002). Vitamin E reduces muscle damage and biomarkers of oxidative stress after exercise. Am J Clin Nutr. 75. p: 409S. - (15) Navalta JW. Exercise Intensity and Lymphocyte Subset Apoptosis. Int J Sports Med 2012 10 [Epub ahead of print]. - (16) Gleeson M. Nutritional strategies to minimise exercise-induced immunosuppression in athletes. Can J Appl Physiol. 2001;26 Suppl:S-23-35. - (17) Naziroglu M. Oral vitamin C and E combination modulates blood lipid peroxidation and antioxidant vitamin levels in maximal exercising basketball players. Cell Biochem Funct. 2010 Jun;28(4):300-5. - (18) Sureda A. Vitamins C and E diet Supplementation Prevents Neutrophil Protein Oxidation without Affecting the Adaptative Response to Exercise. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 2012 Aug 14; [Epub ahead of print]. - (19) Beam-WC. The effect of chronic ascorbic acid supplementation on strength following isotonic strength training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998. 30. p: S219. - (20) Johnson-RL. Effects of ascorbic acid on serum cortisol and the testosterone: cortisol ratio in junior elite weightlifters. J Strength Cond Res. 1998. 12. p: 179. - (21) Peters EM. Attenuation of increase in circulating cortisol and enhancement of the acute phase protein response in vitamin C-supplemented ultramarathoners. Int J Sports Med. 2001 Feb;22(2):120-6. - (22) Pilz S. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on testosterone levels in men. Horm Metab Res. 2011 Mar;43(3):223-5. - (23) Nimptsch K. Association between plasma 25-OH vitamin D and testosterone levels in men. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2012 Jul;77(1):106-12. - (24) Garcia LA. 1,25(OH)2Vitamin D3 Stimulates Myogenic Differentiation by Inhibiting Cell Proliferation and Modulating the Expression of Promyogenic Growth Factors and Myostatin in C2C12 Skeletal Muscle Cells. Endocrinology August 1, 2011 vol. 152 no. 8 2976-2986 - (25) Fry AC. Effect of A Liquid Multivitamin/Mineral Supplement on Anaerobic Exercise Performance. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2005 19(4):e15. - (26) Fry AC. Effect of A Liquid Multivitamin/Mineral Supplement on Anaerobic Exercise Performance. Research in Sports Medicine: An International Journal. 2006. Volume 14, Issue 1, p:53-64. - (27 ) Hodgson AB. The Effects of 4 Weeks Vitamin D3 Supplementation on Athletic Performance Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2012 44(5S): 950 - (28) Grimaldi, AS. 25 (OH) Vitamin D is Associated with Greater Muscle Strength in Healthy Men and Women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: POST ACCEPTANCE, 14 August 2012 - (29) Dam BV. Vitamins and sport. Br J sports Med. 1978. 12(2) : 74-9. - (30) Louis J. Vitamin and mineral supplementation effect on muscular activity and cycling efficiency in master athletes. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2010 Jun;35(3):251-60. - (31) Ryan, GA. 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